Concussions is a traumatic brain injury that is caused by a blow to the head or body, a fall or another injury that jars or shakes the brain inside the skull. The victim, therefore has an inability to maintain a coherent stream of thought. Furthermore, he experiences a disturbance of awareness with heightened distractibility and develops an Inability to carry out a sequence of goal-directed movements.

Concussion symptoms:

  • Prolonged headache
  • Vision disturbances
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Impaired balance
  • Confusion
  • Memory loss
  • Ringing ears
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Loss of smell or taste

Concerns of Concussions

  • Pain: Constant or recurring headache
  • Motor dysfunction: Inability to control or coordinate motor functions, or disturbance with balance
  • Sensory: Changes in ability to hear, taste or see; dizziness; hypersensitivity to light or sound
  • Cognitive: Shortened attention span; easily distracted; overstimulated by environment; difficulty staying focused on a task, following directions or understanding information; feeling of disorientation, confusion and other neuropsychological deficiencies.
  • Speech: Difficulty finding the “right” word; difficulty expressing words or thoughts;dysarthric speech.


Migraine is a condition that involves recurring headaches. Each headache may last from four hours to two days. It can cause throbbing pain in the head. Other symptoms may include nausea (upset stomach), vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light or sound. Most people with migraine have attacks that happen repeatedly. In some people, the headaches can be triggered by certain foods, drinks, or odors. Stress and release from stress also may trigger migraine attacks.

Evidence suggests that migraine headaches often are not recognized or treated effectively in many people who have them.

There are many treatment options available including supplements, prescription medications, injections and other alternative therapies. Discuss with your doctor best treatment option for you.

Andrew Ly, MD Vice-Chair, Department of Neurology

Andrew Ly, MD

Andrew Ly is advising and leading the charge in developing a concussion/head injury program for the community.

Andrew Ly  is a board-certified member of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology.  He has being practicing Neurology in Newport Beach since 2008 and currently serves as the Chair of the Department of Neurology at Hoag Hospital Presbyterian in Newport Beach.  He practices a wide spectrum of neurological diseases, and works as a Neurohospitalist caring for patients with critical neurological problems in the hospital.   He is also intimately involved as member of the Stroke team at Hoag.

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